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National Lake Conservation

 

The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi has sanctioned Projects for revival  of Ooty and Kodaikanal Lakes under National Lake Conservation Plan with 100% financial assistance.  Environmental upgradation by bioremediation of Ooty Lake has been taken up and completed by Tamil Nadu water Supply and Drainage Board and PWD during 2005.

Though the remediation was successful, in view of the continued letting of sewage water in the intervening period, the quality of water has once again deteriorated and is not up to the standard now. On seeing reports about the deterioration of the quality of water in this lake as well as in some other water bodies, Hon’ble Chief Minister directed that all the polluted water bodies especially the Ooty lake must be cleaned up immediately on a war footing and maintained without further pollution. As per the instruction of the Hon’ble Chief Minister detailed discussion were held with concerned departments and it was proposed to implement a detailed action plan with multi sectoral approach to clean up and revive the lake on a permanent basis. Under EPRED fund a sum of Rs.4.27 Crores has been sanctioned for carrying out  the following works to revive Ooty lake.

Sl.

No

Department

Type of work

Cost Rupees in Crore

1

Public Works Department

Adopting Bio-ozolite technology for treatment, pilot study, De-silting, Diffuser-4 Nos. and Nano Bio -Remediation

3.75

2

Tamil Nanu Water Supply and Drainage Board.

Installation of 20 HP Non clogging submersible Pump

0.07

3

Municipality

Installation of 100 HP Pump set for sewage pumping and Generator(100kva)

0.45

 

 

Total

4.27

Also a sum of Rs.50.00 lakhs has been given as one time contribution to the Lake management Committee constituted under the Chairmanship of District Collector, Nilgiris. Now the works are in progress.

The District collector, Udagamandalam has proposed to adopt Submersible micro diffuser aeration system as adopted in Nainidal lake and other lakes in this country at a cost of Rs.9.00 Crore with the savings available in Hill Area Development Programme.  For maintaining the lake to its standatd after the completion of the above said work, the co-operation of public is also expected.

The works under revival of Kodaikannal Lake are being implemented by Tamil Nadu water Supply and Drainage Board, Public Work Department and Kodaikanal Municipality.

 

Kodaikanal Lake Project

Kodaikanal is referred to as the "Princess of Hill Stations".  Kodaikanal is popularity known as Kodai.  It lies in the district of Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India at an Altitude of 2133 meters above sea level with an area of 21.45 Sq. Kms. with Population of 32,931 (2001Censes) Annual Rainfall of 165 Cm (average) heavy rain season is between October and December.  The climate is salubrious with summer temperatures of 19.8C (max) and 11.3C (min) and winter temperatures of 17.3 C (max) and 8.3C (min). 

History of Kodaikanal Lake:

Kodaikanal Lake which forms the heart of the resort is a star shaped lake, covering an area of about 24 hectares.  Kodaikanal Lake was created in 1863 by Sir Hendry Levinge.  He was previously the Collector of Madurai, who retired and settled in Kodaikanal.  He constructed the bund to form a lake and stocked the lake with fish.  He brought the first boat from Tuticorin.  In 1890, a boat club was formed.  In 1910 a new boat house was constructed.  The boat service was opened to the public and tourists in 1932.  Since then Kodaikanal has been the most popular hill station of south India.  Boat Pageant and flower show held during the summer festival are now the added attractions for tourists.

Rapid Assessment Survey of Kodaikanal Lake